The First Salute for the Independent Faroe Islands


Forlag: Stiðin
Útgávuár: 2013
Prísur: 225.00
ISBN: 978-99918-42-71-4
Rithøvundi: Zacharias Wang
Evni: Søga og samfelag
Ikki innbundin
Støða: Á goymslu
Síðutal: 206

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Um bókina
Heitið og fyrsti kapitulin í bókini snýr seg um, at bretska hernaðarskipið Simpson, sum lá á Havnar vág, strikaði Dannebrók á formastini og vant Merkið í húnar hátt. Hetta hendi tann 19. september 1946 og var fyri at heilsa løgtinginum, sum svaraði eins og siðvenja er tá skip heilsa einum sjálvstøðugum landi. Greitt verður frá hvussu henda sjálvstøða okkara varð tikin frá okkum, og út frá samtíðarkeldum verður prógvað, at tann sum var meistarin fyri hesum, var danski varaforsætisráðharrin Thorkil Kristensen.

Harumframt eru í bókini tvær greinir, sum hava staðið í Føroyska Lógar Ritinum um okkara stjórnarskrá. Í Fróðskaparritum 2009 hevði høvundurin eina grein um at orsøkin til at Grønland, Føroyar og Ísland fyri tveyhundrað árum síðani vóru skild frá Noreg, var tann, at bretar av ókendum orsøkum kravdu at fáa oynna Helgoland frá danska ríkinum, og at hetta fekk Karl Johan, svenskur trúnfylgjari og herovasti, til afturfyri at sleppa hesum norsku oyggum í Norðurhøvum. Harumframt er ein grein um tað, norskir og danskir søgumenn hava sagt um ørsøkirnar til hesa hending.

At enda eru tey eftirorð prentaði, sum høvundurin hevði í sínari týðing av bókini eftir Dambisu Moyo “Deyðans stuðul”. Har verður víst á, at orsøkin til at teir stjórnmálamenn, sum stýrt hava Føroyum, ikki hava sæð til, at tey, sum her vaksa upp, kunnu liva við sømd í føðilandinum, er, at vit føroyingar fyri hundrað árum síðani valdu skeiva leið við at taka við donskum stuðul til okkara stýri at spæla sær við.


The title and the book's first chapter describe what happened at the roadstead in Tórshavn on 19 September 1946. The British minesweeper Simpson came in saluting with the Danish flag Dannebrog. But suddenly Dannebrog was taken down, and the ship saluted with the Faroese flag. The salute was meant for the Løgting, the Faroese Parliament, which, as befits, responded like an independent nation when visited by a foreign military ship. The course of events is analyzed on the basis of the source material at hand, and it is shown how the Danish Deputy Prime Minister Thorkil Kristensen had the outcome of the referendum on 14 September 1946 sabotaged.

Two chapters contain articles published in the Faroese Law Review 2002 and 2005. These articles address the constitutional and international legal status of the Faroe Islands and Greenland. The editor of FLR, Bárður Larsen, states that this analysis is not only of interest for Greenlanders and the Faroese, but also for legal analysts and historians in other countries.

An article by the author appeared in the yearbook of the University of the Faroe Islands in 2009 that discussed what actually happened when Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Iceland - despite the fact that they were part of the Norwegian Kingdom – continued to be joined with Denmark in 1814 when Norway and Denmark separated. The assumption is made that Sweden's Crown Prince and Commander in Chief, Karl Johan, wanted to compensate Denmark for Denmark's loss of Helgoland to UK by renouncing these North Atlantic islands. A separate chapter in the book deals with the hitherto proposed hypotheses by Norwegian and Danish historians about the events.

The final chapter is a commentary on the book "Dead Aid" by Dambisa Moyo. In this chapter, the author argues that the politicians who have been ruling the Faroe Islands have not been able to create a sustainable society. The assumption supporting this statement is that a wrong model of development was chosen a hundred years ago. At that time, it was decided that the Faroe Islands did not have to pay Danish state taxes, but the Danish taxpayers should subsidize Faroese society. The politicians involved, both Danish and Faroese, who have been managing this money, therefore squander it without caring about the effective development of commercial trade and business that could generate the tax revenue necessary to develop and sustain a viable country.

The book has two annexes. One is the Union Agreement of 1450 between Norway and Denmark. The second is Norway's Constitution of 1661, which in 1662 was also adopted by Iceland and the Faroe Islands. Also the French translations, presented in The Hague in 1932 and approved by both Danish and Norwegian lawyers, are reproduced.